Optimal Batteries Can Make Critical Difference on Battlefield

first_img“I’ve noticed that with alkaline batteries, the battery indicator isn’t as reliable,” he said. Pearson added that besides thermal weapon sights, there are many other devices where Soldiers should use lithium including sensors, lasers, and precision targeting devices. His office equips Soldiers with those items so they can “dominate the battlefield in all weather and visibility conditions.” “I’ve noticed that with alkaline batteries, the battery indicator isn’t as reliable,” he said. Cost savings is another factor favoring lithium. Alkaline batteries are typically twice as inexpensive as lithium, he said. But when compared to the much longer lifespan, lithium batteries are the better choice in the long run. By Dialogo November 19, 2014 Carter, Pearson and Salcedo encouraged Soldiers to spread the word that lithium can make a difference on the battlefield. He also explained how important it is to reduce the Soldier’s load during dismounted movement. It’s not just one-third fewer batteries, he added. Each lithium battery weighs just two-thirds that of an alkaline. Why not just require Soldiers to use lithium? Joe Pearson, Logistics Management director for Project Manager Soldier Sensors and Lasers at Program Executive Office Soldier, known as PEO Soldier, added lithium batteries have been tested and shown to work in extremes from -40 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. And the more extreme the temperature, the longer the lithium batteries will work compared to the alkaline. Master Sgt. Reiko Carter, said the Army is reminding Soldiers to review their technical manuals. If the TM recommends using lithium, make the switch. He added that PEO Soldier is seeking to educate the force on optimal battery solutions, not make it a requirement. Lithium advantages Besides the charge indicator, there are several other good reasons to choose lithium batteries over alkaline. WASHINGTON – Something as seemingly insignificant as a battery could change a battlefield outcome. Staff Sgt. José R. Salcedo III learned this one night in Afghanistan. It was 2012, and Salcedo was on a mounted patrol deep inside Ghazni Province. Suddenly, one of the vehicles hit an Improvised Explosive Device (IED). Besides the charge indicator, there are several other good reasons to choose lithium batteries over alkaline. Cost savings is another factor favoring lithium. Alkaline batteries are typically twice as inexpensive as lithium, he said. But when compared to the much longer lifespan, lithium batteries are the better choice in the long run. Carter, Pearson and Salcedo encouraged Soldiers to spread the word that lithium can make a difference on the battlefield. There could come a time, he said, when nothing else is available, but that should be the exception and not the rule. And, devices do work with alkaline, albeit with the disadvantages already cited. Salcedo then had to change out his battery pack as precious seconds ticked away. Those few seconds could have been long enough for the trigger man to escape, he said. “I’ll never know.” While others came to the assistance of the Soldiers in the vehicle, Salcedo grabbed his weapon and peered through his thermal weapon sight, scanning for the trigger man, who may have activated the IED with a wire or a remote device. After just a few seconds, his sight went black, he said. Why not just require Soldiers to use lithium? There could come a time, he said, when nothing else is available, but that should be the exception and not the rule. And, devices do work with alkaline, albeit with the disadvantages already cited. Just 10 minutes before the IED exploded, Salcedo had checked his battery indicator and it showed a 50 percent charge remaining, he said. This meant the thermal sight should be operable for at least a couple of hours more. It was 2012, and Salcedo was on a mounted patrol deep inside Ghazni Province. Suddenly, one of the vehicles hit an Improvised Explosive Device (IED). That means Soldiers don’t have to change battery packs as often. It also means that’s less weight – more than one-third less – to carry around, he said. That means Soldiers don’t have to change battery packs as often. It also means that’s less weight – more than one-third less – to carry around, he said. Incidentally, Carter said batteries used in operating environments are non-rechargeable, as recharging stations would add to the requirements. Rechargeable batteries should only be used at home stations and during training. Deconstructing what went wrong, Salcedo said he’d been using alkaline batteries. Unfortunately, the battery indicator in devices like the thermal weapon sight are calibrated for lithium batteries, so while he thought he had a couple of hours of charge left he only had a couple of minutes. WASHINGTON – Something as seemingly insignificant as a battery could change a battlefield outcome. Staff Sgt. José R. Salcedo III learned this one night in Afghanistan. Lithium advantages In good weather conditions, lithium batteries last about three times longer than alkaline, Salcedo said. In extremely hot or cold environments, lithium batteries could last up to 10 times as long. Alkaline batteries were to blame for his sight shutting down during a critical moment. Salcedo then had to change out his battery pack as precious seconds ticked away. Those few seconds could have been long enough for the trigger man to escape, he said. “I’ll never know.” Just 10 minutes before the IED exploded, Salcedo had checked his battery indicator and it showed a 50 percent charge remaining, he said. This meant the thermal sight should be operable for at least a couple of hours more. Alkaline batteries were to blame for his sight shutting down during a critical moment. What to use is at the “commander’s discretion,” he added. While others came to the assistance of the Soldiers in the vehicle, Salcedo grabbed his weapon and peered through his thermal weapon sight, scanning for the trigger man, who may have activated the IED with a wire or a remote device. After just a few seconds, his sight went black, he said. In good weather conditions, lithium batteries last about three times longer than alkaline, Salcedo said. In extremely hot or cold environments, lithium batteries could last up to 10 times as long. Joe Pearson, Logistics Management director for Project Manager Soldier Sensors and Lasers at Program Executive Office Soldier, known as PEO Soldier, added lithium batteries have been tested and shown to work in extremes from -40 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. And the more extreme the temperature, the longer the lithium batteries will work compared to the alkaline. He also explained how important it is to reduce the Soldier’s load during dismounted movement. It’s not just one-third fewer batteries, he added. Each lithium battery weighs just two-thirds that of an alkaline. With lithium batteries, he noticed a difference. Salcedo said he could get away with the indicator reading 25 percent charge remaining and “feel comfortable letting it get that low before I have to change the battery pack out.” Deconstructing what went wrong, Salcedo said he’d been using alkaline batteries. Unfortunately, the battery indicator in devices like the thermal weapon sight are calibrated for lithium batteries, so while he thought he had a couple of hours of charge left he only had a couple of minutes. Master Sgt. Reiko Carter, said the Army is reminding Soldiers to review their technical manuals. If the TM recommends using lithium, make the switch. He added that PEO Soldier is seeking to educate the force on optimal battery solutions, not make it a requirement. With lithium batteries, he noticed a difference. Salcedo said he could get away with the indicator reading 25 percent charge remaining and “feel comfortable letting it get that low before I have to change the battery pack out.” What to use is at the “commander’s discretion,” he added. Incidentally, Carter said batteries used in operating environments are non-rechargeable, as recharging stations would add to the requirements. Rechargeable batteries should only be used at home stations and during training. Pearson added that besides thermal weapon sights, there are many other devices where Soldiers should use lithium including sensors, lasers, and precision targeting devices. His office equips Soldiers with those items so they can “dominate the battlefield in all weather and visibility conditions.” last_img read more

Gender Agenda Will Confuse Our Children

first_imgBob McCoskrie – National Director, Family First NZPublished in NZ Herald 11 April 2014There has been no shortage of media reports lately regarding gender change – even of children.Last year the parents of a seven year old girl made the decision to start a process which would culminate in medically stopping the onset of female puberty. The media report said she was “born into a girl’s body”, – as though this was somehow an accident. At age 6 the little girl reportedly told her parents “I’m not a girl, I think I’m a boy.”The Human Rights Commission has published guidelines to recognise the rights of children as young as five to use the changing room, play in the sports team, and even share bunkrooms on school camps that match their gender identity.In Australia, a threatened anti-discrimination lawsuit by a parent of a nine-year-old transgender child has opened the door to Queensland schools introducing unisex toilets, change rooms and sports teams.UK school inspectors praised schools for supporting their cross-dressing students, with children as young as four being labelled as “transgender” and permitted to dress as the opposite sex without judgment.In January, California became the first US state to give rights to transgender students as young as kindergarten-age, requiring public schools to allow those students access to whichever restroom and locker room they want and to choose whether they want to play boys’ or girls’ sports – based on their ‘self-perception’ and regardless of their birth gender.Our children are being indoctrinated with the message “Gender refers to how you identify, someone can identify as male, female, in between, both, or neither.”The PPTA has told secondary schools that “Gender identity refers to what a person thinks of as their own gender, whether they think of themselves as a man or as a woman, irrespective of their biological sex”, and that schools must not only recognises these forms of diversity, but affirm them.What has been noticeable in all of these media reports and government documents has been the deafening silence in terms of a critical analysis of whether this is actually in the best interests of children.The current trend in treatment – changing genders – fails to take into account the possibility of deeply unresolved psychological issues that, when treated first, could avoid the need for any change in gender. What the child really needs is affirmation of their unique personality and appropriate treatment for their unhappiness and other presenting emotional issues.To think that drugs and a surgeon and a knife can change gender is mythical. And to allow a child to make that type of decision is downright dangerous and ultimately harmful to the child.A 2007 Dutch study found that 52% of the children diagnosed had one or more diagnoses in addition to Gender Identity Disorder (GID), including anxiety disorders and behavioural disruptive disorders. The desire to become the opposite gender was not GID but was symptomatic of other psychiatric illnesses.Gender change does nothing to resolve these issues. One study suggested that most children with gender dysphoria will not remain gender dysphoric after puberty.To then claim all gender changes as successes ignores the high prevalence of suicides, regret, disappointment, medical problems, and adults who return to their original birth gender. It fails to acknowledge the psychiatric literature which demonstrates that it is possible to help these children learn to embrace the goodness of their gender.And when adults encourage children to turn up to school confused about their gender and which toilet to use, it confounds the whole school community.A child’s gender at birth is an objective biological reality, and is entirely consistent and unambiguous. It’s a boy! You have a girl! Yes, there can be ambiguous genitalia, brought on by chromosomal imbalances. But these very rare and difficult cases are not at all similar to the great majority of gender change cases which are paraded before us in the media.Gender change surgery will not change the chromosomes of a human being in that it will not make a man become a woman, capable of menstruating, ovulating, and having children, nor will it make a woman into a man, capable of generating sperm.Professor of Psychiatry Paul McHugh, whose studies of transgender surgery brought the procedures to an end at Johns Hopkins University said “Treating these children with hormones does considerable harm and it compounds their confusion. Trying to delay puberty or change someone’s gender is a rejection of the lawfulness of nature… Children transformed from their male constitution into female roles suffered prolonged distress and misery as they sensed their natural attitudes. Their parents usually lived with guilt over their decisions, second-guessing themselves and somewhat ashamed of the fabrication, both surgical and social, they had imposed on their sons.”He concluded “We psychiatrists would do better to concentrate on trying to fix their minds and not their genitalia.”The majority of children treated by those with expertise in this area are able to embrace the goodness of being male or female.Walt Heyer. author of “Paper Genders”, felt he should have been a girl at the age of 5 years old, had gender change surgery as an adult, and lived as a female for eight years until he realised that surgery doesn’t change your DNA birth gender. He says, “The struggle with gender issues evolve out of psychological issues. The gender issue is only a symptom of something of a much deeper problem within children, as it was in me.”The real question, which the media haven’t asked but I am, is: are we happy to continue accepting the “choose your gender” approach with young children, and continue to compound the confusion?As a parent of two girls and one boy, I’m not.ENDShttp://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=11235940Jeremy Elwood & Michele A’Court: Should we have trans toilets?Stuff co.nz 7 March 2017http://stuff.co.nz/life-style/life/90137720/Jeremy-Elwood-Michele-A-Court-Should-we-have-trans-toiletslast_img read more