Consumers Get Short-changed in RFS Debate EPA, Congress and governors across the country would do well to keep a broader economic picture in mind than narrowly focusing on the profit margins of a few select industries.Source: Bob Dinneen RFA Facebook Twitter SHARE Previous articleTippecanoe County Farmers Featured as New Vendors at Purdue Football GamesNext articleOSU Researchers To Demo Military Technology Adapted For Agriculture At Farm Science Review Gary Truitt Home Energy Consumers Get Short-changed in RFS Debate Facebook Twitter Here’s how: if EPA waived the RFS for next year, food inflation might reach 3.35 to 3.44 percent instead of 3.5 percent, according to USDA, and average household food expenditures for 2013 might fall to $6,533 to $6,527 instead of $6,536. In other words, waiving the RFS might save $3 to $9 per household for the full year, or roughly 0.8 to 2.5 cents per day. Yet, eliminating ethanol from the gasoline supply would put upward pressure on prices at the pump. According to the Energy Information Administration, the average household consumes approximately 1,100 gallons of gasoline annually. Research from Iowa State University, Purdue University, Louisiana State University and others suggests that a potential 500 million to 1.4 billion gallon reduction in ethanol under a waiver would result in an increase in gas prices of 3 to 8 cents per gallon. Therefore, waiving the RFS would increase average household gasoline expenditures by at least $33 to $88 for the year, offsetting the miniscule savings a waiver might produce on food expenditures. The fact is that consumers would be much worse off if the calls to end domestic ethanol production were heeded. Not only would tens of thousands of jobs all across rural America be in jeopardy, but consumers would begin to see immediate spikes in gasoline prices if ethanol— today 10 percent of the gasoline supply and 50 to 60 cents cheaper than gasoline—were eliminated from the marketplace. Simply put, waiving the RFS likely would result in a net increase in annual household spending of at least $24 to $85 in 2013. This increased burden on the family budget would be particularly unwelcome at a time when unemployment remains high and economic recovery remains sluggish. This summer’s drought is taking a toll on America. It has hemmed in the productive power of American farmers. It has brought cries of doom and gloom for livestock and poultry producers. And, it has caused knee-jerk, emotionally charged reactions for Capitol Hill and state capitols all across the country. The events of this summer have brought an avalanche of calls to end America’s production and use of renewable fuels like ethanol. In the name of livestock industry profits, we must stop ethanol production today, or so we are told. Hiding behind claims of concern for consumer pocketbooks, corporate livestock interests, factory poultry operations and food manufacturers have petitioned the U.S. EPA to waive the requirements of the renewable fuel standard (RFS) to prevent higher prices for consumers. That is quite magnanimous of these industries. SHARE By Gary Truitt – Sep 13, 2012 The renewable fuel standard waiver language clearly states that EPA must look at the whole economy in conducting research for the waiver requests and come to a finding of severe economic harm resulting from the implementation of the RFS. Clearly, comparing just consumer food prices to consumer gasoline price demonstrates more harm than good would come from granting a waiver. Moreover, when the cost of gasoline is considered as a factor in the overall price for food in grocery stores, it’s obvious that eliminating ethanol use would not only cause pain at the pump, but erase any miniscule savings that might have resulted from a lower corn prices as a result of less ethanol production.
February 13, 2019 /Sports News – National Marlins, Sergio Romo agree on one-year deal: Report Written by Beau Lund FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmail33ft/iStock(MIAMI) — The Miami Marlins have reportedly landed relief pitcher Sergio Romo.A source tells ESPN the team and 35-year-old right-hander have agreed on a one-year deal worth $1.25 million. The contract is pending a physical.Last season with the Tampa Bay Rays, Romo had a 4.14 ERA with 25 saves and 75 strikeouts.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
FAP works to bring together the country’s armed forces with joint and combined mock exercises in a real theater of operations. “We want to increase the group of air, land, and naval components,” Maj. Portugal said. “We estimate that the initiative will become a reality by late 2019, and later on [it will be conducted] with other countries’ armed forces.” By Julieta Pelcastre/Diálogo August 13, 2018 The Virtual Combat Training Center of the Peruvian Air Force (FAP, in Spanish) tested its dissimilar operational capacities during exercise ECODEX VII. The training, which included 30 combat and transport aircraft and more than 500 military personnel in various fictitious maneuvers, took place May 21–June 1, 2018, in Iquitos, San Ramón, and Puerto Maldonado, Peru. “For the first time, the combat center, which aims at maximizing flight hours, training, and real operations, took part in the virtual portion of such an important exercise,” FAP Colonel Augusto Jesús Patrón, director of the Virtual Combat Training Center, told Diálogo. “[We seek to] improve personnel capabilities, fulfill any government requirement, and be up to the task in the most important Latin American virtual exercises.” ECODEX, FAP’s most important exercise, started in 2015 and is conducted biannually. Simulation is used to instruct and train Air Force elements in high-cost tasks, such as air combat with different platforms. “This dissimilar exercise keeps crews trained in tactics, techniques, and standardized procedures to accomplish missions,” Col. Patrón said. The virtual center participated in simulated offensive missions under the control of an officer directing interceptions in the bases of Lima, Chiclayo, and Arequipa. There were defense missions against a combat aircraft attack and simulated counternarcotic operations. The exercise also included assault and air base takeovers, parachuting, unmanned aerial vehicle maneuvers, the fight against illegal mining, search and rescue, aeromedical evacuations, humanitarian relief transport, and use of satellite imaging. “As part of combat training, we carry out heavy force attacks—in other words, large-scale attacks with different types of aircraft flying together toward one objective, each with a different role,” FAP Major Ernesto Portugal, director of the Air Defense Group, told Diálogo. “As everything is interconnected, we were able to do the exercise from miles away.” The Virtual Combat Training Center, in charge of the Training and Instruction Squadron assigned to the Peruvian Air Force’s Air Defense Group, is equipped with cutting-edge technology, such as a war game simulator. It also houses training centers for combat and portable air-defense system missiles. Great lessons “The military personnel learned valuable lessons,” Maj. Portugal said. “The first [lesson] has to do with how easy it is to simulate exercises of this magnitude with virtual reality simulation. Another lesson relates to improved communications between combat units to avoid losing connectivity.” Another lesson learned: the need to increase people’s participation in exercises at the center. “We should grow a bit more and carry out real operations as well as simulated ones,” Col. Patrón said. “We realized that ECODEX exercises are an extraordinary opportunity to provide better doctrine training to our young officers.” The exercise favored interoperability between pilots and air defense officers who controlled radars in different units. “It’s not enough for every unit to be trained; we must also be interconnected. We achieve it with these kinds of exercises,” Maj. Portugal said. “As an initial effort and simulated practice in an exercise this big, we reached our goals, so that’s why I think our participation was a success,” Col. Patrón added. Fighting drug trafficking Military simulation is a technique that involves software, mechanical and electronic engineering, as well as the capability to reproduce exercises. “The technique renders the personnel involved in the regional fight against transnational crime more effective,” Col. Patrón said. “Our simulator is so versatile that it enables operations different from war, such as countering drug trafficking, which is one of our biggest threats after corruption.”
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