Thousands of women arrive at the UnionBuildings, Pretoria to march againstpass laws. Image:Jurgen Schadeberg,1956 Rahima Moosa, Lillian Ngoyi, Helen JosephAnd Sophie Williams carrying the petitionssigned by women across the country.Image: Mayibuye Archives, 1956Khanyi MagubaneIn South Africa the month of August honours the 20 000 females who, on 9 August 1956, marched to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, the official seat of the apartheid government at the time, to protest against the pass laws, which required black people to carry a document to prove they were allowed to enter white areas.But the women’s anti-pass law campaign goes back as far as 1913 when black women formed the Bantu Women’s League, which later became the ANC Women’s League, to oppose the state’s attempts to force women to carry passbooks.The league was successful in convincing the government that women did not have to carry passes, however, this all changed in 1952 with the introduction of the Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents Act, which required all black people over the age of 16 to carry a passbook at all times. The law stated that passbooks had to be signed by an employer every month, and show authorisation for the carrier to be within a particular area and proof of tax payments.Struggle for freedomWomen started rebelling against having to carry these passes and smaller, regional protests eventually culminated in the formation of the Federation of South Africa Women (FSAW). This was a multi-racial body – with the African National Congress Women’s League as its largest component – which aimed to mobilise a united struggle against apartheid.As a result, in 1955 the Women’s Charter was adopted in Johannesburg at the FSAW’s annual conference. Among those present at the adoption of the charter was Annie Silinga, a women’s rights activist who risked being arrested and victimised by refusing to carry a passbook.Opposition to the pass law gained momentum after anti-apartheid activist and one of the FSAW founders, Lillian Ngoyi, was elected to the national executive of the ANC. She made it clear that women’s protest marches would continue until government heeded their demand to have the law repealed.On 27 October 1955, 2 000 women of all races marched to the Union Buildings to meet with Cabinet ministers and hand over a memorandum of grievances, but the ministers refused to meet the delegation. A similar protest took place in Cape Town at this time.Less than a year later on 9 August 1956 the number of women marchers reached over 20 000 as a second major demonstration took place. Again,The group headed to the Union Buildings, leaving vast piles of petitions of more than 100 000 signatures at then Prime Minister Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom’s door.For half an hour the women stood outside the Union Buildings in silence, with their arms raised high in the clenched fist of the Congress salute. Later, after a series of addresses, the women dispersed. It was during this march that the phrase “You strike a woman, you strike a rock” was popularised. This dramatic anti-pass march went down in history for placing women at the forefront of the political struggle against racial oppression in South Africa.Gender-friendly constitutionToday the rights of South African women are legally protected by our world- renowned constitution, protecting individuals from gender-based discrimination. The introduction of the 1996 Bill of Rights saw all women in South Africa receive formal recognition as equal citizens. Previously, for many years, women in this country were second-class citizens, placed under the social and even legal control of their fathers or husbands.The Constitutional Court has handed down a number of judgments that have affirmed women’s rights. Section 44 of the Insurance Act of 1943 deprived married women, but not married men, of all or some of the benefits of life insurance policies made in their favour by their husbands.In the case of Brink v Kitshoff the court held that, since the common-law rule prohibiting donations between spouses had been abolished, the argument that the section provided married women with a benefit was no longer applicable. The court also rejected the argument that the section was necessary to prevent collusion between spouses: such collusion could as easily occur where husbands rather than wives were beneficiaries.Commitment from governmentBut South African women continue to face critical challenges socially and economically. Black women, especially, are still economically disadvantaged. They make up a section of the population stuck in lower-paid jobs, for example as domestic workers and farm labourers.Women also have to contend with extremely high rates of rape and domestic violence.But the South African government remains committed to addressing the plight of women. The Sexual Offences Act and the Child Protection laws form a legal framework for the protection of women and children.According to the South African Human Rights Commission “women’s social exclusion, economic deprivation and discrimination are integrally linked to HIV/ Aids. Most of them [women] are on the margins of society and are denied access to their most basic human rights – to freedom from discrimination, to education, to physical integrity, to economic security, and as result they become the most vulnerable to HIV infection.”Government’s National Strategic Plan against HIV/Aids is also aimed at helping women receive proper information, counselling and medical treatment.Institutions like the Gender Commission of Equality have been set up to monitor and evaluate the policies and practices of government and the private sector to ensure that gender equality is upheld at all times.The commission also serves to investigate cases where individuals feel they have been discriminated against on the basis of their gender. Being independent from government, the body is able to analyse and make recommendations to parliament on existing and upcoming legislation from a gender perspective.Iron maidensIn Africa, South Africa leads the way in women’s participation in Cabinet, with 42% of ministers being female.When South Africa’s Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka was appointed in 2005, the Gender and Media Southern Africa network (Gemsa), praised President Thabo Mbeki for appointing a woman, saying, “Gemsa wishes to extend its congratulations to the new deputy president of South Africa, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, and to President Mbeki for his enlightened choice … We commend Mbeki for using the opportunity created by the recent political crisis in South Africa to strengthen women’s participation in the executive.”There are also a number of powerful businesswomen in South Africa who have made strides in male-dominated fields. Mining magnate Bridgette Motsepe is widely regarded as one of the most successful women in the industry in the world.Maria Ramos, CEO of freight company Transnet, is respected as a no-nonsense corporate leader, known for whipping ailing companies into successful ventures.Every year women’s day celebrations are held across the country. This year President Thabo Mbeki delivered a keynote address at a women’s day event in Ga-Motlatla Village in Lichtenburg, North West, while The Women in Arts Festival in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal began its run in late July 2008 to mark the contribution of South African women to creative endeavours across the cultural spectrum.Useful linksCommission on Gender EqualitySouth African Constitutional courtRape StatisticsGenderlinksSA Human Rights Commission
18 February 2010 The Industrial Policy Action Plan would also help the country to leverage more local procurement to raise domestic production by overhauling the Preferential Policy Framework Act and assigning points in the tender process to those firms that procure locally. Briefing the media in Cape Town this week, Davies said the plan, which comes into effect in April, will focus on strengthening the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC), revising procurement legislation, deploying trade policies more strategically, and targeting anti-competitive practices. Source: BuaNews The government would move away from the duty credit certificate model, to a system based on credits that can then use the IDC for accessing finance. Davies said support would be sharpened around the clothing and textiles sector, while the South African Revenue Service would continue to crack down on illegal imports. The government would also look at cracking down on anti-competitive practices, particularly those that affected labour-absorbing downstream sectors, as well as consumer goods to low-income households. Davies said the action plan also aimed to boost sectors such as metals fabrication, capital and transport equipment, “green” and energy-saving industries, and agro-processing linked to food security and contributing to rural development. Davies said the example of Brazil’s development bank BNDES had shown that capital at the IDC was relatively expensive – at an average of about 8% compared to less than 1% for the Brazilian organisation. Increasing development finance Scaling up existing interventions Added to this, the Proudly SA campaign would be revived, he said. Davies said procurement was done on a more ad hoc basis, meaning it was harder to build local production because often goods had to be imported at the last minute. To rectify this, more planning and strategising would go into the procurement of goods, he said. Through the release of long-term procurement plans, investors would be better informed on what goods were in demand by the government, and this would in turn help promote jobs at home. Davies noted that though the first Industrial Policy Action Plan, released in 2007, had recorded some successes, such as strengthening competition legislation and lowering some tariffs, it had unwittingly fallen short by tackling the easier-to-do things. Planned procurement The plan will look at scaling up existing interventions that were identified in the first Industrial Policy Action Plan. These sectors included the automotive components sector, downstream mineral beneficiation, pharmaceuticals, tourism, business process services, and the clothing and textiles sector. Davies said eight to 10 products, such as railway equipment, would be identified to form part of the long-term procurement plan. It would also look at promoting long-term sectors to develop capabilities such as aerospace, nuclear and advanced materials. Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies has unveiled South Africa’s new Industrial Policy Action Plan, which will focus on key areas to boost the country’s industrial capacity and create up to 2.4-million jobs by 2020. The Brazilian development bank was also recapitalised regularly, while the IDC had last received recapitalisation in the 1950s. The lesson, he said, was that the Brazilian example was able to leverage much more finance. The new action plan would be a three-year rolling one and would be updated in 2011.
Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP The Bulldogs were slowed by their 39 turnovers. The Generals may not have capitalized on that, scoring just six points of those errors, but National U simply could not find its groove due to the lost possessions.Meanwhile, Mapua scored its first win in the tournament after crushing Arellano, 85-65, in another game.A 25-4 start was all the Cardinals needed to snap a three-game slide and hand the Chiefs a second straight defeat.ADVERTISEMENT Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too View comments Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Manila police chief: Cops tolerating illegal street vendors to get ax PLAY LIST 01:22Manila police chief: Cops tolerating illegal street vendors to get ax01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST01:15SC chief Peralta wants US-Marshall patterned security for PH judges02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue The rebuilding program of the Emilio Aguinaldo College Generals just scored a huge win.EAC stunned National University, 77-73, for its first win in two outings in the Filoil Flying V Preseason Cup.ADVERTISEMENT Eagles claim title over Archers Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next MOST READ Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Jethro Mendoza led the Generals with 20 points, including eight straight in the dying minutes of the game to tame the Bulldogs.In a match where both teams swapped leads, EAC finally got over the hump on an 11-2 run for a 58-52 spread going into the final period.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsJP Maguliano added 12 for the Bulldogs.It was a sorry loss for NU, which got 17 points from Dave Ildefonso who scored 17 while Chino Mosqueda and Isaa Gaye added 11 and 10, respectively.
Chelsea boss Sarri defends Hazard in striker’s role for Leicester defeatby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Maurizio Sarri defended his use of Eden Hazard as a striker for defeat to Leicester City.Jamie Vardy scored the only goal of the game early in the second half, after the Blues had been on top during the opening 45 minutes.Sarri said, “I was really very happy at the end of the first half because we played very well, we were dangerous, we conceded nothing to the opponents, so I was very happy with the team and our deployment of Hazard as a striker. After the goal his position wasn’t important.”It’s important to play again in four days, maybe positive, maybe negative, it depends on our reaction after the match. In the match we had a bad reaction, now it depends on the reaction in the next three days, I think it’s important to play immediately.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Story Highlights According to Prime Minister Holness GIS allows the authorities the opportunity to acquire and verify facts and to see events as patterns which can then inform the basis of predictive information and likely trends. In this way, GIS is a powerful tool for education as well as for meaningful analysis. Prime Minister Andrew Holness says Geo-spatial Information System (GIS) technology will play a major role in assisting the government’s security objectives. This he said will allow for more informed and systematic intervention, in line with the approach that is being taken to address the level of crime and violence in the country. The prime minister revealed that under the HOPE programme, a GIS group of the National Service Corps has been created. A number of activities is being undertaken by young persons including asset mapping all water metres across the country, as well as asset mapping of street lights, and the collection of rainfall data for the MET Office. Prime Minister Andrew Holness says Geo-spatial Information System (GIS) technology will play a major role in assisting the government’s security objectives. This he said will allow for more informed and systematic intervention, in line with the approach that is being taken to address the level of crime and violence in the country.“We are enhancing the use of GIS in crime analysis by now including mapped locations of reported criminal offences from which real maps can be created to show hot spots of criminal activities,” explained Prime Minister Holness.The Prime Minister was speaking at the Inaugural Jamaica GIS User Conference today (October 10) held at the Jamaica Pegasus Hotel in Kingston.“The use of advanced analytical tools and advanced imaging technologies enable continuous flow of data between intelligence, law enforcement agencies and security companies in real time and post operations,” said Mr. Holness.He pointed out that GIS technology has already been used to inform decisions about the Zones of Special Operations.“It is the GIS technology which identifies the clusters of crime. It is the GIS technology that allows us to create the geographic boundary,” he noted.According to Prime Minister Holness GIS allows the authorities the opportunity to acquire and verify facts and to see events as patterns which can then inform the basis of predictive information and likely trends. In this way, GIS is a powerful tool for education as well as for meaningful analysis.Government making major investment in GIS TechnologyTo this end, the government is making an investment in the utilization of GIS systems for asset mapping.The prime minister revealed that under the HOPE programme, a GIS group of the National Service Corps has been created. A number of activities is being undertaken by young persons including asset mapping all water metres across the country, as well as asset mapping of street lights, and the collection of rainfall data for the MET Office.“There are numerous opportunities for young people to go out and asset map Jamaica’s critical assets using GIS technology,” he declared.The two-day conference is hosted by the National Spatial Data Management Division in the Ministry of Economic Growth & Job Creation and the Land Information Council of Jamaica.
Italy’s Fincantieri and the 2008-founded shipbuilder Genova Industrie Navali (GIN) have reached a cooperation agreement covering new buildings, ship repair, conversions and outfitting.The deal with the Genoa shipyard, which was formed by the merger of two historical shipyards T. Mariotti and San Giorgio del Porto, provides for the acquisition by Fincantieri of a minority stake in GIN Group’s holding company and an option for a minority stake in T. Mariotti.Fincantieri said that its stake would allow GIN “to achieve further financial strength, an increasingly important asset to face complex projects and to overcome market challenges, especially in the field of small and medium-sized luxury cruise ships construction.”
NEW DELHI: Meenu Jain, the 52-year-old wife of a former IAF wing commander Vinod Kumar Jain, was found murdered at her house in Dwarka on Saturday. Vinod Kumar Jain who works as a commercial pilot with Indigo was in the flight when the murder was reported.The father of the deceased called her on Friday evening, but she did not receive the phone. After that, her father and brother came to see her but noticed that the gate of the house was locked from outside. The duo then entered the house from her neighbour’s side and saw Meenu Jain lying on the floor unconscious. They called the police and rushed the woman to a nearby hospital where she was declared brought dead. Two mobile phones, some cash and jewellery were found missing from the house, following which a case for murder and robbery has been registered by Delhi Police.
Mohali: Chennai Super Kings posted 170 for five against Kings XI Punjab in an IPL match here on Sunday. Brief scores: Chennai Super Kings: 170/5 in 20 overs (Faf du Plessis 96, Suresh Raina 53; Sam Curran 3/35).
New Delhi: BJP’s Chandni Chowk candidate Harsh Vardhan on Thursday categorically denied charges that his party had hatched large-scale plans to demolish unauthorised colonies in Delhi. The Cabinet Minister said that the Aam Aadmi Party had made these allegations to frighten a large section of the Capital’s voting population residing in unauthorised colonies.Vardhan went on to say that the allegations are baseless and have no merit whatsoever, clarifying that neither the BJP nor the Central government has any such plans. He said the Narendra Modi government is committed to providing “pucca houses” for all homeless families by 2022. Also Read – Odd-Even: CM seeks transport dept’s views on exemption to women, two wheelers, CNG vehiclesVardhan accused AAP chief Arvind Kejriwal of spreading falsehoods to milk political gain out of it. He said, “It is the height of falsehood that Kejriwal in his statement claimed that Delhi BJP chief Manoj Tiwari has admitted about the demolition of unauthorised colonies. Meanwhile, Sunny Deol staged a road show from Hari Nagar to Subhash Nagar for the West Delhi Candidate Pravesh Sahib Singh Verma and appealed to vote for him. At some points, traffic had to be diverted in view of a large number of people participating in the Road Show. During the Road Show, people were raising slogans “Modi Dil Se-Pravesh Verma Fir Se”. With the slogan Modi Hai to Mumkin Hai, Delhi Chale Modi Ke Saath, film star Sunny Deol launched another road show from 100 feet Chhatarpur Road in support of South Delhi Candidate Ramesh Bidhuri. The actor also staged road show from Ramdev Chowk to Bawana Chowk in support of North West Delhi Candidate Hansraj Hans.
Kathmandu: Two Indian climbers, including an Indian Army soldier, have died and another has gone missing in Nepal after one of them successfully scaled the world’s highest peak Mount Everest, the expedition organiser said Friday, days after two mountaineers from the country perished in the Himalayan nation. Army soldier Ravi Thakar, 28, was found dead inside his tent at Camp IV on Mount Everest early Friday while Narayan Singh died at Camp IV on Thursday night when he was climbing down from the 8,485-meter Mount Makalu summit, world’s fifth highest mountain. Also Read – 2019 most peaceful festive season for J&K: Jitendra Singh Dipankar Ghos, 52, from Kolkata went missing from above Camp IV while returning from the Mount Makalu summit, said Mingma Sherpa, Chairman at Seven Summit Treks. A search team, which reached the area from where the climber is suspected to have gone missing, however, failed to trace him, Sherpa said. Ghos climbed Mount Everest in 2011 and has also scaled Mount Kanchenjunga, Mount Lhotse, Mount Manaslu and Mount Dhaulagiri among other peaks. Also Read – Personal life needs to be respected: Cong on reports of Rahul’s visit abroad Thakar died after he suffered from high altitude sickness. “Fellow climbers found him dead inside the tent,” Sherpa was quoted as saying by The Himalayan Times. Ravi was part of an eight-member expedition led by renowned Irish climber Noel Richard Hanna. He along with other members made it to the summit of Mount Everest on Thursday morning. Another member of the same expedition Seamus Sean Lawless from Ireland slipped from the balcony area while descending from the summit point. “Fate of the missing Irish climber is still unknown,” Sherpa said. “Indian climber Narayan Singh died in Mt Makalu. He died at camp 4 while descending the summit,” Nepal Tourism Ministry official Mira Acharya told PTI. Two Indian climbers from West Bengal – Biplab Baidya (48) and Kuntal Karar (46) – died in Nepal on Wednesday due to high altitude sickness near the summit of Mount Kanchenjunga, the world’s third tallest peak. Another climber from Chile is missing from above Camp IV of Mount Kanchenjunga since Wednesday evening. Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world. It is located in the Mahalangur Himalayas 19-kilometer southeast of the 8,848-meter Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Hundreds of climbers flock each year to Nepal – home to several of the world’s highest mountains, to scale Himalayan peaks during the spring season that begins around March and ends in June.