Unaoil faced a ministry ‘stitch-up’ in Iraq tender process, ex-manager tells bribery trial

first_img Al Basrah Oil Terminal in Iraq (Credit: US Army/Spc. Darryl L Montgomery) A former Unaoil executive “sweated blood” to ensure the success of a major energy upgrade project in southern Iraq and faced a “stitch-up” engineered by the country’s former oil minister, jurors in a bribery trial have been told.Ziad Akle, 45, dismissed claims by prosecutors for the UK Serious Fraud Office (SFO) that he and his former colleagues at the Monaco-based consultancy unlawfully obtained and offered “inside information” about specifications for a manufacturing tender process central to a crude oil expansion project.At London’s Southwark Crown Court yesterday (2 March), he argued a “legitimate” arrangement between Unaoil and Iraq’s state-owned South Oil Company (SOC) provided advance access to the confidential specification documents, and that no attempt was made to “slant” the process in favour of “friendly” companies. Akle ‘sweated blood’ to ensure success of oil expansion project in southern IraqThe events took place against the backdrop of a $4.5bn government scheme to increase Iraq’s crude oil exporting capacity from 1.8 million barrels per day (bpd) to 4.5 million bpd in the years following the US-led invasion and toppling of Saddam Hussein – the Iraq Crude Oil Export Expansion Project (ICOEEP).SOC was tasked with attracting foreign businesses to upgrade failing oil and gas infrastructure in the south of the country – and Unaoil used its connections in the region, and at SOC in particular, to capitalise on the opportunity.“Our objective was to assist in moving forward this massive and important project that had been talked about for years, as well as to build on the relationship with SOC we had worked hard for – and hopefully earn revenue,” said Akle.“I did this job out of loyalty to my colleagues and my company. I was honourable to my work.“We had sweated blood by 2009 and done things in Iraq that no-one else had done. I wanted Unaoil and the project to succeed.” Corruption charges against three British nationals associated with UnaoilAkle is on trial alongside two other businessmen accused of conspiracy to make corrupt payments in Iraq between 2005 and 2011– Steven Whiteley, 65, who was Unaoil’s general territories manager for Iraq, and formerly a vice-president of SBM Offshore; and Paul Bond, 68, who was a senior sales manager for SBM Offshore.All three men deny the charges brought against them.The trial continues. Former Unaoil executive Ziad Akle dismissed allegations by the Serious Fraud Office that he was involved in rigging a bidding process for new oil equipment in the post-Saddam yearscenter_img Unaoil’s inside information was good ‘market intelligence’Quizzed by the SFO’s prosecutor Michael Brompton QC on the nature of the “inside information” Unaoil shared with friendly clients – including Netherlands-based SBM Offshore, which won a multi-million dollar contract to install SPM equipment ahead of Bluewater – Akle said it was simply used as a “first-mover advantage”.“It’s called market intelligence,” he said. “’Friendly’ meant a company that was well-known to people at Unaoil, and the other way round, so it would be willing to work with Unaoil, trust its advice and work in places it would not usually go.“It helped if a company was friendly.”Asked by Mr Brompton whether the tender had been an “open and honest” process, the defendant said it had been carried out to “address the ‘un-level’ playing field” created by the influence of the oil ministry.“We explored the options,” he added. “There was no guarantee that SBM would want to work with Unaoil.“We tried our hardest to ensure no-one was precluded or ruled out from the running because of specifications.” SFO alleges bribery of senior officials by Unaoil in post-war IraqAkle faces charges of conspiracy to make corrupt payments in Iraq between 2005 and 2010, with the SFO alleging a secretive relationship between Unaoil and a former SOC project manager was used to bribe senior Iraqi officials and influence the outcome of the tenders.But the British-Lebanese businessman, who was spending his birthday in the witness stand and cut an increasingly frustrated figure as the day progressed, claims the secrecy was made necessary by fears Iraq’s former deputy oil minister Ahmed al-Shamaa was “looking for any excuse to derail SOC totally from this process and take over” for himself.Akle alleged al-Shamaa had developed a “special relationship” with people inside other companies involved in the tender.These included Foster Wheeler, the UK-based firm appointed to oversee the process, and Bluewater – a Netherlands-based manufacturer of single point moorings (SPM) equipment bidding for one of the contracts.He said: “There were factions within SOC, within the ministry, in Basra and everywhere in between.“That was the reason for the [secret] arrangement. We were on a mission to help SOC, and if successful, get remunerated for it.“It became clearer and clearer that somewhere in Foster Wheeler, there was a stitch-up in the process.“There was a lot more support for the Bluewater strategy, and we had to take all kinds of measures to level the playing field.”last_img read more

USS Charlotte Returns to Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam

first_imgThe Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine USS Charlotte (SSN 766) returned to Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam after a scheduled six-month deployment to the Western Pacific region, May 31.“This was an extremely successful deployment for Charlotte,” said Cmdr. Richard Young, USS Charlotte commanding officer. “It was a long six months but with the many hours of hard work and training, we accomplished all mission expectations during this deployment.”Charlotte departed Pearl Harbor Dec.1, 2010, on her Western Pacific deployment. The crew experienced the dynamic operational environment of the Western Pacific and returned with a wealth of submarine experience and advanced qualifications with 28 who became submarine qualified and are now authorized to wear the Submarine Warfare insignia or “Dolphins.”“I could not be more proud of my crew. They proved that we can take this submarine any place we need to go at any time” said Young.Over the course of the deployment Charlotte completed multiple missions in the 7th Fleet area of responsibility and numerous operations with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.Los Angeles-class submarines are ideally suited for covert surveillance, intelligence gathering and Special Forces missions. This stealth, when combined with the submarine’s Tomahawk cruise missiles, mines and torpedoes, provide the operational commander with an unseen force multiplier. The nuclear-powered attack submarine Charlotte is the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear the name. She was commissioned on Sept. 16, 1994 in Norfolk, Va. and arrived at its new homeport, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii, Nov.17, 1995.[mappress]Source: csp, June 1, 2011; June 1, 2011 View post tag: USS View post tag: Joint View post tag: Hickam View post tag: Charlotte View post tag: Pearl View post tag: Base Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Charlotte Returns to Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam center_img View post tag: Naval View post tag: Navy View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Returns View post tag: harbor USS Charlotte Returns to Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam Share this articlelast_img read more

Engineering (Robotic) Instructor – Upward Bound

first_img** This position is Part-time **Required QualificationsMinimum Qualifications:Associates Degree in Robotics TechnologyStudied in the field of Engineering, computing, engineeringtechnology or applied sciencesExperience in the use of Lego, Vex, or other forms ofRoboticsPreferred QualificationsBachelors Degree in one of the related fields listed:Engineering or related Engineering SpecialitiesPhysical ScienceMathematics with Robotics Engineering Leading High School Students in the design, and hands-onconstruction of robotics, as well as creating the manufacturingtools and processes that will build the robots.Lead program curriculum, sessions, and lessons focused onengineering and technology.Lead program participants in local, regional and nationalrobotics competitions.Support students during independent and workgroup time.Work as a member of the Stem instructional team. Description/Job SummaryOverview of position:center_img Experience in Roboticslast_img read more

Faculty Lab Instructor (Flex DPT)

first_imgOTHER DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIESMay perform other duties and responsibilities thatmanagement maydeem necessary from time to time.POSITION IN ORGANIZATIONReports to: Program DirectorPositions Supervised: Not applicableTECHNICAL, MANAGERIAL & PEOPLE SKILLS REQUIREDTo perform this job successfully an individual must be able toperform each essential duty satisfactorily. The requirements listedbelow are representative of the knowledge, skill, and/or abilityrequired. Incumbents will be evaluated, in part, based onperformance of each essential function. Reasonable accommodationsmay be made to enable individuals with disabilities to performessential functions.EDUCATION and/or EXPERIENCEEntry-level Masters of Physical Therapy Degree or higherAt least 2 years of practical hands-onexperience in patientcare setting in chosen specializationExcellent organization and time management skillsExcellent oral communication skillsProfessional role modelAble to provide a nurturing, respectful learningenvironmentResponsive to distance education, adult student needsWorking knowledge of educational theory and motor skilldevelopmentAble to work in a team environment LICENSURE and/or CERTIFICATION Licensed occupational or physical therapist froman accrediteduniversity with demonstrated expertise in the area beingtaughtCurrent certification with state board of chosenspecialization The mission of The University of St. Augustine for Health Sciencesis the development of professional health care practitionersthrough innovation, individualized, and quality classroom,clinical, and distance education. GENERAL SUMMARYLab Instructorshave various responsibilities such asorganizing/maintaining equipment,preparing the lab environment,monitoring student progress and facilitatingstudent participationin learning activities. The lab instructorcommunicates with thelead instructor regarding student performance or issuesthat ariseand ensures the delivery of consistent content and testing. Theymay assist with grading practicals and other requiredassignments.The qualified candidate must have anentry-level Masters of PhysicalTherapy Degree or higher along with currentcertification with stateboard of chosen specialization. At least 2 yearsof practicalhands-on experience is required in a patient care setting intheprofession. The successful candidate will have excellentoralcommunication and organizational skills, be responsive to adultstudent needs,and be able to work collaboratively in a teamenvironment.This is apart-time 15-20 hours per week as scheduledposition.ESSENTIAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIESPrepares lab environmentOrganizes and maintains equipment; proposes equipment orders asneededTeaches lab component of courseMonitors student progress; gives feedback; facilitates studentparticipation in learning activitiesAssesses student performance on practical, oral, writtenexaminationsSupervises lab assistants (when available)Reports student grades at end of term to lead instructorCommunicates with lead instructor to ensure consistent contentand testing and to recommend changes for upcoming semesterServes as student-to-university liaisonUpholds student and part-time faculty handbook policiesPromotes professionalism by modeling such behaviors inside andoutside the classroom settingSelf-evaluates teaching performance; sets goals forimprovement TRAVELMinimal travel requiredBUSINESS COMPETENCIESCollaborates – Building partnerships andworkingcollaboratively with others to meet shared objectives.Being Resilient – Rebounding fromsetbacks and adversity whenfacing difficult situations.Instills Trust – Gaining the confidenceand trust of othersthrough honesty, integrity, and authenticity.Drives Results – Consistently achievingresults, even undertough circumstances.Innovation – Creating new and better waysfor theorganization to be successful.Customer Focus – Building strong customerrelationships anddelivering customer-centric solutions.WORK ENVIRONMENTWork is performed primarily in a standard office environment butmay involveexposure to moderate noise levels. Work involvesoperation of personal computerequipment for six to eight hoursdaily and includes physical demands associatedwith a traditionaloffice setting, e.g., walking, standing, communicating, andotherphysical functions as necessary.The University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences is an equalopportunity at will employer and does not discriminate against anyemployee or applicant for employment because of age, race,religion, color, disability, sex, sexual orientation or nationalorigin.last_img read more

FOR YOUR INFORMATION: Online Voter Registration

first_imgFOR YOUR INFORMATION:  Online Voter Registration Now AvailableIndiana offers you the ability to submit your voter registration application online. Specifically, this online voter registration application allows you to apply to register to vote in Indiana, change your name on your voter registration record, or change the address on your voter registration record.In order to be eligible to register to vote, you must:• be a citizen of the United States,• be at least 18 years old on the day of the next general, municipal, or special election,• have lived in your precinct for at least 30 days before the next general, municipal, or special election (except for certain military voters); and• not currently be imprisoned after being convicted of a crime.In order to register online, you must also possess a current and valid Indiana driver’s license or Indiana State identification card. The State of Indiana will use your digitized signature on-file with the Bureau of Motor Vehicles as your voter registration signature. Only the voter registration information you provide and your digitized signature will be sent to your county voter registration office upon concluding the online voter registration application process.If you do not have either of these documents or have trouble with this website, you may still register to vote by:• completing a Voter Registration Application (VRG-7) and mailing it to the appropriate county voter registration office or Indiana Election Division,• registering to vote in-person at the appropriate county voter registration office, or• registering to vote in-person at the Indiana Election Division.Questions? Call your county voter registration office or the Indiana Election Division at (800) 622-4941 for assistance.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Gorillaz Release New Song “Let Me Out” Featuring Mavis Staples And Pusha-T

first_imgGorillaz have returned to the public consciousness with a bang in the past couple weeks. After announcing their own Demon Dayz festival in the U.K. (set to feature all the artists included on their upcoming album Humanz), the Damon Albarn and Jamie Hewlett-masterminded animated group released four new top-notch tracks from the new album last week, complete with animated visuals. Then, after announcing their first North American show in years at Festival d’été de Québec in Quebec City this summer, the group sent shockwaves through social media when they were announced as a headliner for this summer’s Outside Lands alongside The Who and Metallica.Today, Gorillaz continued their domination of the proverbial airwaves with the release of another new single from Humanz, the bumpin’ “Let Me Out” featuring Mavis Staples and Pusha-T. You can listen the “Let Me Out” below via the band’s YouTube page:With five Humanz tracks now circulating cyberspace, and fourteen more to come (including the deluxe edition tracks), it’s safe to say that right now is a great time to be a Gorillaz fan.Humanz Full Track List:1. Ascension feat. Vince Staples2. Strobelite feat. Peven Everett3. Saturnz Barz feat. Popcaan4. Momentz feat. De La Soul5. Submission feat. Danny Brown & Kelela6. Charger feat. Grace Jones7. Andromeda feat. D.R.A.M.8. Busted and Blue9. Carnival feat. Anthony Hamilton10. Let Me Out feat. Mavis Staples & Pusha T11. Sex Murder Party feat. Jamie Principle & Zebra Katz12. She’s My Collar feat. Kali Uchis13. Hallelujah Money feat. Benjamin Clementine14. We Got The Power feat. Jehnny BethBonus material on Deluxe:15. The Apprentice feat. Rag’n’ Bone Man, Zebra Katz & RAY BLK16. Halfway To The Halfway House feat. Peven Everett17. Out Of Body feat. Kilo Kish, Zebra Katz & Imani Vonshà18. Ticker Tape feat. Carly Simon & Kali Uchis19. Circle Of Friendz feat. Brandon Markell Holmes[h/t/ Consequence of Sound]last_img read more

LCD Soundsystem Adds 2017 Dates

first_imgAfter years of waiting–and a slew of James Murphy Facebook soliloquies about recording status and ticketing controversies—LCD Soundsystem has officially announced their new album, American Dream, and a substantial run of worldwide tour dates in its support. An extensive tour was announced last month, and now, the band adds additional shows to three cities to complete the experience. LCD Soundsystem will perform an extra night at The Anthem in Washington D.C., the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco, and at The Fillmore in Philadelphia this fall.This summer, they’ll headline festivals like Ottawa Bluesfest, Pitchfork Music Festival, and Forecastle Music Festival, in addition to their previously announced set at Fuji Rock Festival. The rest of the tour will see the band play extensively throughout the fall and winter following the album’s September release.American Dream will be released on September 1st, 2017 via DFA/Columbia Records. It marks their first new studio release since 2010’s This Is Happening, and will include the previously released singles “call the police” and title track “american dream.” You can listen to “american dream” and “call the police” below:You can see a full list of LCD fall dates below:07/23 – Byron Bay, AU @ Splendour in the Grass07/28-30 – Niigata Prefecture, JP @ Fuji Rock Festival09/08 – Copenhagen, DK @ Vega09/09 – Copenhagen, DK @ Vega09/11 – Amsterdam, NL @ Paradiso09/12 – Amsterdam, NL @ Paradiso09/13 – Paris, FR @ L’Olympia09/14 – Paris, FR @ L’Olympia09/16 – Manchester, UK @ The Warehouse Project09/17 – Manchester, UK @ The Warehouse Project09/19 – Glasgow, UK @ Barrowland Ballroom09/22 – London, UK @ Alexandra Place10/17-18 – Washington, DC @ The Anthem*10/21 – Atlanta, GA @ Roxy Theatre10/22 – Atlanta, GA @ Roxy Theatre10/25 – Miami, FL @ James L. Knight Center Theater10/27 – New Orleans, LA @ Voodoo Music Experience10/30 – Dallas, TX @ The Bomb Factory10/31 – Austin, TX @ Austin360 Amphitheater11/03 – Detroit, MO @ Masonic Temple11/09 – St. Paul, MN @ Roy Wilkins Auditorium11/11 – Broomfield, CO @ 1st Bank Center11/14-15 – San Francisco, CA @ Bill Graham Civic Auditorium*11/17 – Los Angeles, CA @ Hollywood Palladium11/18 – Los Angeles, CA @ Hollywood Palladium11/19 – Los Angeles, CA @ Hollywood Palladium11/20 – Los Angeles, CA @ Hollywood Palladium11/21 – Los Angeles, CA @ Hollywood Palladium12/02 – Montreal, @ QC @ Bell Arena12/03 – Toronto, ON @ Air Canada Centre12/05-6 – Philadelphia, PA @ The Fillmore*12/06 – Philadelphia, PA @ The Fillmore12/08 – Boston, MA @ Agganis Arena12/11 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/12 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/14 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/15 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/17 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/18 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/19 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/21 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/22 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel12/23 – Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn Steel*New Datelast_img read more

“Rising Up To Paradise: New Years Eve On Kauai” Announced Featuring Bill Kreutzmann, Bob Weir, George Porter Jr. & Many More

first_imgToday, a new destination New Year’s event destination dubbed Rising Up To Paradise: New Year’s Eve On Kauai has been announced. The celebration is set to take place on December 31st at the Crazy Rooster Ranch on the beautiful North Shore of Kauai, HI—which also happens to be the longtime home of Grateful Dead drummer Bill Kreutzmann. The one-night event will feature newly formed supergroup The Big Swell, which includes Bill Kreutzmann, Bob Weir, George Porter Jr., Jeff Chimenti, Robin Sylvester, Steve Kimock, and Wally Ingram.In addition to The Big Swell’s very first headlining appearance, Rising Up To Paradise guests will be treated to performances by The Dirty Knobs with Mike Campbell, Taj Mahal, and local band Island Grass, plus a late-night set hosted by DJ Logic.Proceeds from Rising Up To Paradise will benefit two nonprofit organizations close to the hearts of the event’s performers, The Hanalei Initiative and Earthjustice. The Hanalei Initiative was formed to identify and solve the immediate and long-term community and environmental needs of Hanalei and Kauai’s North Shore. Their main areas of focus are water quality, transportation and the maintenance and beautification of community spaces. Earthjustice, the nation’s largest nonprofit environmental law organization, leverages their expertise and commitment to fight for justice and advance the promise of a healthy world for all. To secure a flourishing world, their fleet of 130+ lawyers defend the wild and promote healthy communities, clean energy and more—because the earth needs a good lawyer.General Admission, VIP, and Super VIP Tickets with perks ranging from a private lounge to an intimate acoustic performance by Bill Kreutzmann, Bob Weir, and Steve Kimock will be available to purchase on Wednesday, October 31st at 7 a.m. (HST) / 1 p.m. (EST) here.For more information on Rising Up To Paradise, head to the event page here.last_img read more

Innovators Use Virtual Reality to Improve Our World

first_imgWalking around SXSW (and a lot of walking that is, let me tell you), you can’t go five minutes without seeing some sort of virtual reality (VR) or augmented reality (AR) installation. Our own #DellExperience has no fewer than three different VR or mixed reality experiences event attendees can check out.It’s not necessarily the hot new, break-out thing that everyone hopes to find at this annual mix of industry conferences, trade shows and festivals, though. VR’s been here for years, so it’s easy to dismiss as no big deal. That would be looking at it from the short-term, gimmick point of view.“However, new ways of using AR and VR have emerged to prove that there is a place for this technology outside of 360 videos and shooting zombies that makes it a far more enduring technology than some of the naysayers at the start made it out to be,” Dell’s VR Guru Gary Radburn noted earlier this year.To help illustrate this we pulled together a panel of innovators who have found ways to use this technology to address larger societal issues ranging from treating veterans with PTSD to influencing policy around caring for our oceans.The key element that connects these is the immersive capability of VR. It can do way more than just make your stomach flip like you’re on a roller coaster, it can take you places you’d never go and make invisible people real to you.“You remember with your whole body, not just with your mind,” said Nonny de la Peña the founder and CEO of Emblematic Group, a digital media company focused on immersive virtual, mixed and augmented reality. “You connect to the story in a very unique way.”Ten years ago when I was building giant Dell computers you could walk through in Second Life, de la Peña was building a virtual prison there that allowed users to be incarcerated and subjected to torture techniques in order to bring attention to human rights violations.“VR is the ultimate Skinner box,” said Dr. Skip Rizzo explaining why it was the right medium for the work he is doing to help veterans face their issues after their nervous system becomes tuned for threat. Exposure therapy – where PTSD sufferers are pushed to tell their story over and over in a safe environment – is the way to ultimately reduce their anxiety. By building out 14 different virtual worlds that resemble real places military veterans have experienced trauma, they’ve been able to transport them back to the scene to get through things they didn’t think they could before.“When given the choice, 75 percent pick the VR option [over talking with an individual therapist],” noted Rizzo. He hopes to bring this sort of therapy to civilian first responders in the future, and also leverage it to train them before they are exposed to trauma so that they will be better equipped to handle it later.Other use cases of VR for good discussed by this panel included our Social Good Advocate Adrian Grenier talking about how adding vibration to the experience enabled users to hear the Lonely Whale who otherwise couldn’t be heard because of the low frequency with which he communicates.And Vice President Global Supply Chain Sustainability at Dell, Jennifer Allison, shared how we use virtual reality to open the doors to our suppliers’ and our own manufacturing facilities; allowing customers to see first-hand how our products are made and the people who make them.Watch the replay of the full session here to hear more:last_img read more

08 Garden diseases

first_img“Trap crops” can reduce viral diseases carried by small insects. Plant a few rows of a crop like rye or corn around your main garden. This will tempt insects to feed there first, reducing the risk of diseases some small insects are known to carry.Water carefulllyWhen you water the garden, don’t splash soil onto plant foliage. If possible, run the water between the rows. Use a mulch layer of straw, bark, shredded paper or plastic to keep soil from splashing onto plants and keep fruit from touching bare ground.If you use tobacco, wash your hands thoroughly before handling plants. This will prevent the spread of tobacco mosaic virus, which can infect many kinds of vegetables, particularly tomatoes and peppers.After harvest, remove and destroy all plants from the garden and sanitize your garden equipment. This will reduce the overwintering of disease-causing organisms.(Brad Haire is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.) Volume XXXIINumber 1Page 8 By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaMost vegetables are susceptible to many diseases in Georgia, says a University of Georgia Cooperative Extension expert. But home gardeners can do a few things to keep these diseases away and help ensure a bountiful harvest. Alliaceae (chives, garlic, leeks and onions).Apiaceae (carrots).Asteraceae (lettuce).Brassicaceae (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, mustard, radishes, rutabagas and turnips).Chenopodiaceae (spinach)Cucurbitaceae (cantaloupes, cucumbers, honeydew melons, pumpkins, squash and watermelons).Fabaceae (all beans, English peas and Southern peas).Malvaceae (okra).Poaceae (corn).Solanaceae (eggplant, peppers, potatoes and tomatoes). Plant diseases are caused by four main types of organisms: fungi, bacteria, nematodes and viruses, said David Langston, a UGA Extension vegetable plant pathologist.Vegetable plants are more susceptible to diseases caused by fungi and bacteria when conditions are wet and warm. Scout your garden regularly.When the garden is dry, nematode damage is more evident. You can test your soil for nematodes by submitting a sample through your county UGA Extension office.Viral diseases can show up anytime, Langston said.Many plant diseases can be on or within the seeds. “Seeds should not be saved from year to year,” he said. “This is important to prevent a number of diseases.”Buy seeds from a reputable dealer. You can’t distinguish healthy seeds from diseased ones. Make sure you follow directions on when and how to plant them.Think ‘resistant’Using varieties that are resistant to plant diseases is the best way to avoid disease losses. The types of disease resistance for each variety are noted on the seed container or in a seed catalog.Don’t plant your garden near or beneath trees. The shade will reduce the drying of plant foliage after rain and increase the chances of diseases. Besides, vegetables like a lot of sunlight, and the trees will compete for vital nutrients.Crop rotation is important. If you keep planting the same vegetables in the same spot year after year, you’re asking for soil-borne disease problems.Grow the same or closely related vegetable plants in the same soil only once every three to five years, Langston said. This practice starves out most pathogens that cause stem and leaf diseases.Rotate thisVegetable families include:last_img read more